California

All data presented here are drawn from the most recently available years of the U.S. Department of Education's EDFacts Initiative unless otherwise noted. Click here to learn more about the EDFacts Initiative.

STATE CONTACT

Leanne Wheeler

Integrated Student Support and Programs Office

Improvement and Accountability Division

California Department of Education

1430 N Street, 6th Floor, Suite 6208

Sacramento, CA 95814

Phone: (916) 319-0383

Fax: (916) 322-5092

Email: lwheeler@cde.ca.gov

Website: California Department of Education EHCY Program


FAST FACTS


Total number of Local Education Agencies (LEAs) in this state: 2,122
Number of LEAs receiving McKinney‐Vento subgrants: 136
Total students enrolled in LEAs: 5,892,073
Percentage of enrolled students who are homeless: 3.8%
Percentage of all people in the state who are below the poverty level1: 11.9%
Percentage of people under 18 years old in the state who are below the poverty level1: 14.3%

       1 Source: US Census Bureau, Current Population Survey,
2021 Annual Social and Economic Supplement

Subgroups of Homeless Children/Youth

Number of homeless children/youth enrolled in public schools who are:

Subgroup TypeSY 2019-2020SY 2020-2021SY 2021-2022
Children with disabilities (IDEA)37,47837,33438,106
Limited English Proficient (LEP) students73,69169,92076,180
Migratory children/youth5,0435,1125,095
Unaccompanied homeless youth6,4765,4147,052

Note: These subgroups are not mutually exclusive. It is possible for homeless students to be counted in more than one subgroup.

3 Year Percentage Point Change Housing
-1.14%
 Doubled‐up (e.g., living with another family)
0.63%
 Hotels/Motels
0.41%
 Shelters, transitional housing
0.10%
 Unsheltered (e.g., cars, parks,campgrounds, temporary trailer, or abandoned building)
3 Year Percentage Point Change Housing
0.51%
 Doubled‐up (e.g., living with another family)
0.69%
 Hotels/Motels
0.93%
 Shelters, transitional housing
-2.13%
 Unsheltered (e.g., cars, parks,campgrounds, temporary trailer, or abandoned building)

Additional State Data Notes:

No additional state data notes for this state.

Summary Sheets and Additional Data:

  • Download data from Section 1.9 of the Consolidated State Performance Reports for the state using the drop‐down box.

    Note: Before SY2010‐2011, reading and mathematics assessment data were only collected for students served in LEAs with McKinney‐Vento subgrants. As of SY2010‐2011, these data are now collected for all students enrolled in all LEAs. Enrollment figures prior to SY 2010‐2011 are not comparable to those after and including SY 2010‐2011.
    Note: Figures in these Summary Sheets are based on LEA‐reported data and contain duplicates. These figures may not match the figures presented here.

  • Download a .PDF report of the data presented on this page.
  • Download a spreadsheet of McKinney‐Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth Actual State Funding Allocations by year for all states.
  • Click here to go to the U.S. Department of Education's webpage for State Tables of agency program fund allocations.


CALIFORNIA

Number of Homeless Children/Youth Enrolled in Public School by Year
SY 2018 - 2019 SY 2019 - 2020 SY 2020 - 2021
246,350 227,612

Note: Includes all enrolled homeless children and youth in grades PK through 12. COVID-19 operations impacted the identification of eligible students. Please use the data with caution.

Percentage of homeless children/youth enrolled in public schools by type of primary nighttime residence
Shelters, transitional housing Doubled‐up (e.g., living with another family) Unsheltered (e.g., cars, parks,campgrounds, temporary trailer, or abandoned building) Hotels/Motels
SY 2018 - 2019 % % % %
SY 2019 - 2020 5.9% 85.4% 3.5% 5.2%
SY 2020 - 2021 5.9% 85.1% 3.5% 5.5%