National Overview

All data presented here are drawn from the most recently available years of the U.S. Department of Education's EDFacts Initiative unless otherwise noted. Click here to learn more about the EDFacts Initiative.


Total number of Local Education Agencies (LEAs) in this state: 18,992
Number of LEAs receiving McKinney‐Vento subgrants: 3,695
Total students enrolled in LEAs: 49,668,082
Percentage of enrolled students who are homeless: 2.21%
Percentage of all people in the state who are below the poverty level1: 11.5%
Percentage of people under 18 years old in the state who are below the poverty level1: 16.1%

       1 Source: US Census Bureau, Current Population Survey,
2021 Annual Social and Economic Supplement

Subgroups of Homeless Children/Youth

Number of homeless children/youth enrolled in public schools who are:

Subgroup TypeSY 2018-2019SY 2019-2020SY 2020-2021
Children with disabilities (IDEA)266,739244,737220,599
Limited English Proficient (LEP) students226,724217,067193,559
Migratory children/youth16,93815,66715,124
Unaccompanied homeless youth125,729112,82294,363

Note: These subgroups are not mutually exclusive. It is possible for homeless students to be counted in more than one subgroup.

Summary Sheets and Additional Data:

  • Download a .PDF report of the data presented on this page.
  • Download a spreadsheet of McKinney‐Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth Actual State Funding Allocations by year for all states.
  • Click here to go to the U.S. Department of Education's webpage for State Tables of agency program fund allocations.


Number of Homeless Children/Youth Enrolled in Public School by Year
SY 2018 - 2019 SY 2019 - 2020 SY 2020 - 2021
1,384,301 1,277,772 1,096,669

Note: Includes all enrolled homeless children and youth in grades PK through 12. COVID-19 operations impacted the identification of eligible students. Please use the data with caution.

Percentage of homeless children/youth enrolled in public schools by type of primary nighttime residence
Shelters, transitional housing Doubled‐up (e.g., living with another family) Unsheltered (e.g., cars, parks,campgrounds, temporary trailer, or abandoned building) Hotels/Motels
SY 2018 - 2019 12.2% 76.7% 4.0% 7.1%
SY 2019 - 2020 11.5% 77.5% 4.1% 6.9%
SY 2020 - 2021 10.9% 76.8% 4.5% 7.8%