National Overview

All data presented here are drawn from the most recently available years of the U.S. Department of Education's EDFacts Initiative unless otherwise noted. Click here to learn more about the EDFacts Initiative.

FAST FACTS


Total number of Local Education Agencies (LEAs):

Number of LEAs receiving McKinney‐Vento subgrants:

Total students enrolled in LEAs:

Percentage of enrolled students who are homeless:

Percentage of all people who are below the poverty level 1 :

Percentage of people under 18 years old who are below the poverty level1 :

1 Source: US Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2021 Annual Social and Economic Supplement

18,992

3,695

49,668,082

2.21 %

11.5%

16.1%

Number of Homeless Children/Youth Enrolled in Public School by Year


Note: Includes all enrolled homeless children and youth in grades PK through 12. COVID-19 operations impacted the identification of eligible students. Please use the data with caution.

Subgroups of Homeless Children/Youth

Number of homeless children/youth enrolled in public schools who are:

Subgroup TypeSY 2018-2019SY 2019-2020SY 2020-2021
Children with disabilities (IDEA)266,739244,737220,599
Limited English Proficient (LEP) students226,724217,067193,559
Migratory children/youth16,93815,66715,124
Unaccompanied homeless youth125,729112,82294,363

Note: These subgroups are not mutually exclusive. It is possible for homeless students to be counted in more than one subgroup.

Percentage of homeless children/youth enrolled in public schools by type of primary nighttime residence

Shelters, transitional housing,awaiting foster care

Doubled‐up (e.g., living with another family)

Unsheltered (e.g., cars, parks,campgrounds, temporary trailer, or abandoned building)

Hotels/Motels

Summary Sheets and Additional Data:

  • Download a .PDF report of the data presented on this page.
  • Download a spreadsheet of McKinney‐Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth Actual State Funding Allocations by year for all states.
  • Click here to go to the U.S. Department of Education's webpage for State Tables of agency program fund allocations.